How Many Calories In A Glass of White Wine?
Okay, wine connoisseurs, you know what they say about wine and life. Life is too short to drink the bad stuff. And especially now that numerous health issues are catching our attention, this saying could never be more relevant.
Think all wine is good for your health?
Think again. To begin with, wine is fairly calorific.
That shouldn’t come as a surprise. After all, the beverage you like sipping while laying relaxed during those hot afternoons is just full of fructose from fermented grapes.
Oh, and grapes are full of sugar, alright. In fact, after mangoes, grapes have the most sugar. There are 16g of sugar in 100g of grapes.
How Many Calories in A Glass of White Wine?
Approximately, there are 70-90 calories in a 100ml glass of wine i.e., 80 calories on average. Restaurants like to serve their wine in small (125ml) glasses, medium(175ml) glasses, and large (250ml) glasses. It is just a matter of multiplying the glass capacity by 0.8, and you will know the average number of calories.
A small glass of wine in a restaurant packs 100 calories. A medium glass of wine in a restaurant contains 140 calories. For a large glass of wine in a restaurant, there are 200 calories in it. Of course, the number of calories depends on the type of wine.
A 100ML GLASS OF WHITE WINE CONTAINS 73-83 CALORIES.
Of the three types of wine, red is the most calorific, followed by white wine. Rose wine contains the least number of calories.
100ml of rose wine contains 70 to 80 calories. In most cases, rose wines are low-alcohol wine without any sugar or sulfite additives.
In most cases, white wine contains more calories than rose wine. There are 73 to 83 calories in 100ml of white wine. In contrast, red wine contains the greatest number of calories. There are 75-85 calories in a 100ml glass of red wine.
HOW IS WHITE WINE DIFFERENT FROM RED AND ROSE WINE?
Where does wine color come from? Depending on the grapes used, you get either red, white, or rose wine. Grapes are naturally available in white and red. The color of the wine is extracted from the grape used in making it.
Red grapes are used to craft red wine, while white grapes are used to make white wine. Rose wine comes from red grapes but with less color extraction. In some cases, red grapes are used to produce white wines called Blanc de Noirs.
During wine making, the skin of the fruit is not bottled with the juice. The color is extracted from the skin into the wine. Usually, this simply involves leaving the skin in contact with the juice. How long the skin contact lasts depends on the desired wine color. With white is little to zero skin contact when preparing white wine. The must is separated from the skin before fermentation.
In contrast, red wine making involves fermenting the juice and the fruit skin together to extract as much color as possible. Because there is significant skin contact, red wine contains more tannins compared to white wine. Tannins are the ingredients that produce a drying sensation in your mouth.
Because of the difference in the number of tannins, red wines usually have a dry finish while white wines have a slightly bitter finish in the mouth.
Red wines age better than white wines because they contain more tannins, which have antioxidant properties. Red wines are usually prepared in oak barrels. Like grapes, oak contains tannins. Some of the tannin from the wood sips into the juice, softening and smoothening it further.
When it comes to alcohol content, too, in most cases, red wines have more alcohol compared to white wines. The reason being that red grapes used in the preparation of red wine tend to be riper. Usually, red grapes are harvested later when they are much riper than white grapes.
THE MORE THE ALCOHOL IN THE WINE, THE HIGHER THE CALORIES
As already mentioned, wine is a blend of Water, fermented alcohol, minerals, and carbohydrates(sugars). Depending on the alcohol and sugar content, wines can be categorized as sweet or dry, high-alcohol, low-alcohol and in between
Alcohol is produced during the fermentation process. Yeast breaks down the sugar into alcohol and carbon dioxide. The percentage of alcohol in a bottle of wine is known as alcohol by volume (ABV). Most wines contain 11-13 percent alcohol. There are about 7 calories in every gram of alcohol.
The alcohol content in wine depends on the length of the fermentation. If fermentation is stopped early, the wine is often sweeter with around 7 percent alcohol. Examples of low-alcohol sweet wines include Moscato and German Rieslings. High alcohol wines contain 14-20% alcohol. These are fortified wines or those made in warm regions like California and Portugal.
· Sugar (carbs)
As already mentioned, grapes are rich in carbs. Most fitness enthusiasts and health experts will tell you that carbs, particularly sugars, are the enemies of a fit, healthy body, and there is some truth to that. There are around 4 calories in every gram of sugar.
The carbs in wine are mainly fructose and glucose. Depending on the length of fermentation and how ripe the grapes are, the wine can be 'sweet' or 'dry.' Most wines contain 0-20g of carbs. Dry wines contain 0-4g of carbs per liter, while champagnes and glittering wines contain 4-20g of sugars per liter.
There are wines containing up to 50g and even 200g of carbs per liter. Most of this sugar is added by the manufacturer to achieve different styles.
Other ingredients in wine are Water (around 85 percent), Glycerol (around 1 percent), Phenolics (0.1%), and acids (0.5%). In the body, Glycerol is more like sugar than alcohol. Its oily texture makes wine viscous. The acid in wine is called tartaric, it's found in grapes. Phenolics, mainly flavonoids, and anthocyanins give the wine its color and flavor.
DEPENDING ON THE PERCENTAGE OF ALCOHOL AND CARBS (SUGAR) IN THE BOTTLE, THE WINE CAN BE A LOW-CALORIE OR A HIGH-CALORIE.
But selecting a low-calorie wine is not that straightforward. Both alcohol and sugar content affect the number of calories, but not equally. Alcohol contains more calories per gram than sugar. For example, a high-alcohol dry wine can contain more calories compared to a glass of lightly sweet wine with less alcohol in it.
The point is, always check the amount of sugar and alcohol in the wine. If both the amount of sugar and alcohol is low, you have a low-calorie wine and vice versa.
CHECK THE MANUFACTURING REGION TOO.
Wines, especially those from the Americas and Asia, where there are no production laws to keep the alcohol content lower, have a higher calorie content. In contrast, wine made in Europe has fewer calories thanks to production laws regulating the alcohol content.
HOW TO AVOID GETTING FAT FROM DRINKING WHITE WINE?
It is no secret now; drinking white wine without moderation is going to make you fat. The calories in wine have no nutritional value at all. Drinking too much wine in a day leads to an excess number of calories in your body. Some of these get stored in the form of fats.
The American Heart Association advises that women stick to one drink (150ml) per day and two for men. Always ask for the small serving glass while in a restaurant.
When consumed conservatively, white wine may provide the following benefits:
- Cardiovascular health: The antioxidants and anti-inflammatory effects of wine fight off harmful radicals giving heart muscles a chance to heal after a long day of strenuous activity.
- Minimizes the risk of osteoporosis: White wine contains silicon, though not as much as red wine. Still, drinking white wine increases your bone's density with less risk of calories buildup.
- Boosts renal health: The antioxidants in white wine help fight inflammations in the kidney and promote tissue healing.
- Promotes cognitive health: The antioxidants in the wine also protect against the degeneration of brain tissue, helping to reduce the advancement of diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.
- Improves cholesterol levels: Studies suggest that exercising and drinking wine, whether white or red, increases HDL cholesterol, which is a good kind of cholesterol.
The Take Away?
Wines are quite calorific, alright. But you don’t have to give up your favorite bottle just because of this news. The number of calories depends on the sugar and alcohol content. There are high-calorie wines and low-calorie wines.
Most wines contain 70-90 calories per 100ml, just about the same number of calories in a whole avocado.
A few wines contain more than 90 calories per 100ml; these include the French Banyul (200 calories per 100ml). Low-calorie wines contain 60-70 calories per 100ml.
For example, Doctor’s Sauvignon Blanc contains only 67 calories per 125ml. Skinny Prosecco 1754 is another one with just 68 calories per 100ml.
See? not all wines are made equal if you are watching out for your health, there are low-calorie wines made specially just for you.
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